The Mac Keyboard Shortcuts Everyone Needs to Know



Command + Space bar Show or hide the Spotlight search field (if multiple languages are installed, may rotate through enabled script systems) Control + A Move to beginning of line/paragraph Control + B Move one character backward Control + D Delete the character in front of the cursor Control + E Move to end of line/paragraph Control + F Move one character forward Control + H Delete the character behind the cursor Control + K Delete from the character in front of the cursor to the end of the line/paragraph Control + L Center the cursor/selection in the visible area Control + N Move down one line Control + O Insert a new line after the cursor Control + P Move up one line Control + T Transpose the character behind the cursor and the character in front of the cursor Control + V Move down one page Option + Delete Delete the word that is left of the cursor, as well as any spaces or punctuation after the word Command + Option + Space bar Show the Spotlight search results window (if multiple languages are installed, may rotate through keyboard layouts and input methods within a script) Command + Tab Move forward to the next most recently-used application in a list of open applications Command + Shift + Tab Move backward through a list of open applications (sorted by recent use) Shift + Tab Navigate through controls in a reverse direction Control + Tab Move focus to the next grouping of controls in a dialog or the next table (when Tab moves to the next cell) Shift + Control + Tab Move focus to the previous grouping of controls Command + Esc Open Front Row (if installed) Option + Media Eject (⏏) Eject from secondary optical media drive (if one is installed) Fn + Delete Forward Delete (on a portable Mac’s built-in keyboard) Control + F3 Show the open windows for the currently active app F3 Open Mission Control Command + F3 Hide or show all open windows F4 Show Launchpad Command + Accent (`) Activate the next open window in the frontmost application Command + Shift + Accent (`) Activate the previous open window in the frontmost application Command + Option + Accent (`) Move focus to the window drawer Command + Minus (-) Decrease the size of the selected item Command + { Left-align a selection Command + } Right-align a selection Command + | Center-align a selection Shift + Command + Colon (:) Display the Spelling window Command + Semicolon (;) Find misspelled words in the document Command + Option + Control + Comma (,) Decrease screen contrast Command + Option + Control + Period (.) Increase screen contrast Command + Option + / Turn font smoothing on or off Command + Shift + = Increase the size of the selected item Command + Shift + 3 Capture the screen to a file Command + Shift + Control + 3 Capture the screen to the Clipboard Command + Shift + 4 Capture a selection to a file Command + Shift + Control + 4 Capture a selection to the Clipboard Command + A Highlight every item in a document or window, or all characters in a text field Command + B Boldface the selected text or toggle boldfaced text on and off Command + C Copy the selected data to the Clipboard Command + Shift + C Display the Colors window Command + Option + C Copy the style of the selected text Command + Control + C Copy the formatting settings of the selected item and store on the Clipboard Command + Option + D Show or hide the Dock Command + Control + D Display the definition of the selected word in the Dictionary application Command + D Selects the Desktop folder in Open and Save dialogs
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Selects “Don’t Save” in dialogs that contain a Don’t Save button, in MacOS X v10.6.8 and earlier Command + Delete Selects “Don’t Save” in dialogs that contain a Don’t Save button Command + E Use the selection for a find Command + F Open a Find window Command + Option + F Move to the search field control Command + G Find the next occurrence of the selection Command + Shift + G Find the previous occurrence of the selection Command + H Hide the windows of the currently running application Command + Option + H Hide the windows of all other running applications Command + I Italicize the selected text or toggle italic text on or off Command + Option + I Display an inspector window Command + J Scroll to a selection Command + M Minimize the active window to the Dock Command + Option + M Minimize all windows of the active application to the Dock Command + N Create a new document in the frontmost application Command + O Display a dialog for choosing a document to open in the frontmost application Command + P Display the Print dialog Command + Shift + P Display a dialog for specifying printing parameters (Page Setup) Command + Q Quit the frontmost application Command + S Save the active document Command + Shift + S Display the Save As dialog Command + T Display the Fonts window Command + Option + T Show or hide a toolbar Command + U Underline the selected text or turn underlining on or off Command + V Paste the Clipboard contents at the insertion point Command + Option + V Apply the style of one object to the selected object (Paste Style) Command + Shift + Option + V Apply the style of the surrounding text to the inserted object (Paste and Match Style) Command + Control + V Apply formatting settings to the selected object (Paste Ruler Command) Command + W Close the frontmost window Command + Shift + W Close a file and its associated windows Command + Option + W Close all windows in the application without quitting it Command + X Remove the selection and store in the Clipboard Command + Z Undo previous command (some applications allow for multiple Undos) Command + Shift + Z Redo previous command (some applications allow for multiple Redos) Control + Right Arrow Move focus to another value or cell within a view, such as a table Control + Left Arrow Move focus to another value or cell within a view, such as a table Control + Down Arrow Move focus to another value or cell within a view, such as a table Control + Up Arrow Move focus to another value or cell within a view, such as a table Command + Right Arrow Move the text insertion point to the end of the current line Command + Left Arrow Move the text insertion point to the beginning of the current line Command + Down Arrow Move the text insertion point to the end of the document Command + Up Arrow Move the text insertion point to the beginning of the document Option + Right Arrow Move the text insertion point to the end of the next word Option + Left Arrow Move the text insertion point to the beginning of the previous word Command + Shift + Right Arrow Select text between the insertion point and the end of the current line (*) Command + Shift + Left Arrow Select text between the insertion point and the beginning of the current line (*) Shift + Right Arrow Extend text selection one character to the right (*) Shift + Left Arrow Extend text selection one character to the left (*) Command + Shift + Up Arrow Select text between the insertion point and the beginning of the document (*) Command + Shift + Down Arrow Select text between the insertion point and the end of the document (*) Shift + Up Arrow Extend text selection to the line above, to the nearest character boundary at the same horizontal location (*) Shift + Down Arrow Extend text selection to the line below, to the nearest character boundary at the same horizontal location (*) Shift + Option + Right Arrow Extend text selection to the end of the current word, then to the end of the following word if pressed again (*) Shift + Option + Left Arrow Extend text selection to the beginning of the current word, then to the beginning of the following word if pressed again (*) Shift + Option + Down Arrow Extend text selection to the end of the current paragraph, then to the end of the following paragraph if pressed again (*) Shift + Option + Up Arrow Extend text selection to the beginning of the current paragraph, then to the beginning of the following paragraph if pressed again (*) Control + Space bar Toggle between the current and previous input sources Option + Control + Space bar Toggle through all enabled input sources Command + Option + Esc Force Quit Command + Shift + Option + Esc (hold for three seconds) Force Quit the front-most application (Mac OS X v10.5 or later) Command + Left Bracket ([) Go backward in browser history Command + Right Bracket (]) Go forward in browser history



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